Published: 2017-10-13   Views: 11
Author: HeidiHuang
Published in: Dentistry
Excel Family Dental - What Is Malocclusion?

Moderate malocclusion commonly requires treatment by an orthodontist.  Orthodontists are dentists who specialize in the treatment of malocclusions and other facial irregularities.

The following are three main classifications of malocclusion:

  • Class I – The occlusion is typical, but there are spacing or overcrowding problems with the other teeth.

  • Class II – The malocclusion is an overbite (the upper teeth are positioned further forward than the lower teeth).  This can be caused by the protrusion of anterior teeth or the overlapping of the central teeth by the lateral teeth.

  • Class III – Prognathism (also known as “underbite”) is a malocclusion caused by the lower teeth being positioned further forward than the upper teeth.  An underbite usually occurs when the jawbone is large or the maxillary bone is short.

Reasons for treating a malocclusion

A severe malocclusion may lead to skeletal disharmony of the lower face.  In a more extreme case, the orthodontist may work in combination with a maxillofacial dentist to reconstruct the jaw.  It is never too late to seek treatment for a malocclusion.  Children and adults alike have completed orthodontic realignment procedures and have been delighted with the resulting even, straight smile.

Here are some of the main reasons to seek orthodontic treatment for a malocclusion:

  • Reduced risk of tooth decay – A malocclusion often causes an uneven wear pattern on the teeth.  The constant wearing of the same teeth can lead to tooth erosion and decay.

  • Better oral hygiene – A malocclusion can be caused by overcrowding.  When too many teeth are competing for too little space, it can be difficult to clean the teeth and gums effectively.  It is much easier to clean straight teeth that are properly aligned.

  • Reduced risk of TMJ – Temporomandibular jaw syndrome (TMJ) is thought to be caused by a malocclusion.  Headaches, facial pains and grinding teeth during sleep all result from the excessive pressure to the temporomandibular joint.  Realigning the teeth reduces pressure, and eliminates these symptoms.

How is a malocclusion treated?

A malocclusion is usually treated with dental braces.  The orthodontist takes panoramic X-rays, conducts visual examinations, and takes bite impressions of the whole mouth before deciding on the best course of treatment.  If a malocclusion is obviously caused by overcrowding, the orthodontist may decide an extraction is the only way to create enough space for the realignment.  However, in the case of an underbite, crossbite or overbite, there are several different orthodontic appliances available, such as:

  • Fixed multibracket braces – This type of dental braces consists of brackets cemented to each tooth, and an archwire that connects each one.  The orthodontist adjusts or changes the wire on a regular basis to train the teeth into proper alignment.

  • Removable devices – There are many non-fixed dental braces available to treat a malocclusion.  Retainers, headgear and palate expanders are amongst the most common.  Retainers are generally used to hold the teeth in the correct position while the jawbone grows properly around them. 

  • Invisalign® – These dental aligners are removable and invisible to the naked eye.  Invisalign® works similarly to fixed dental braces but does not impact the aesthetics of the smile.

If you have any questions about malocclusions, please contact our office.

Author Bio

This user has not submitted a user bio yet

Article Comments

0 comments.

There are zero comments yet, why not be the first?

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Please log in or register to comment or reply to a comment.

Similar Articles

Mouth - Body Connection Restoration Excel Family Dental: PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY  Excel Family Dental: Meet The Team. Meet The Team. Excel Family Dental: Prosthodontics Why Straighten Teeth? How Often Should Children Have Dental Checkups? Excel Family Dental Home Care Excel Family Dental - Care For Your Child’s Teeth Excel Family Dental. Our Practice. 6 Months Smile What Is Periodontal (Gum) Disease? Excel Family Dental - Home Care Excel Family Dental - Porcelain Onlays Excel Family Dental - Porcelain Crowns Excel Family Dental - Porcelain Fixed Bridges Porcelain Veneers Excel Family Dental - Zoom! Excel Family Dental - Composite Fillings. Excel Family Dental - Dentures & Partial Dentures Excel Family Dental - What Is Periodontal (Gum) Disease? Excel Family Dental - Signs & Symptoms Of Periodontal Disease Mouth - Body Connection Excel Family Dental - Periodontal Disease And Diabetes Excel Family Dental - Periodontal Disease, Heart Disease And Stroke Excel Family Dental - Periodontal Disease And Pregnancy Periodontal Disease And Pregnancy Excel Family Dental - Periodontal Disease And Osteoporosis Pediatric Dentistry - Dental Emergencies By Excel Family Dental Excel Family Dental - Fluoride Excel Family Dental - Good Diet Pediatric Dentistry - How Often Should Children Have Dental Checkups? Excel Family Dental - How To Prevent Cavities Pacifiers And Thumb Sucking By Excel Family Dental Excel Family Dental - Perinatal And Infant Oral Health` Excel Family Dental - Sealing Out Tooth Decay Excel Family Dental - When Should Children Have Their First Dental Visit? Why Are Primary Teeth Important? By Excel Family Dental Excel Family Dental - Why See A Pediatric Dentist? Excel Family Dental - Invisalign Excel Family Dental - 6 Month Smiles® Excel Family Dental - What Is Orthodontics? Excel Family Dental - What Is Malocclusion? Excel Family Dental - Who Can Benefit From Orthodontics? Excel Family Dental - Care Following Orthodontics – Retainers Excel Family Dental - Why Straighten Teeth? Excel Family Dental - Dental Exams & Cleanings Excel Family Dental - Dental X-Rays Excel Family Dental - Oral Cancer Exam

Articles Search

Featured Articles

Latest Forum Threads

Views viewed 274 times
Views viewed 231 times
Views viewed 177 times
Views viewed 292 times
Views viewed 157 times

Most Popular Articles