Whether it's curling or straightening your hair, perms contain a chemical called Ammonium Thioglycolate. <a href="https://www.echemi.com/products/pid_Rock745-ammoniumthioglycolate.html">Ammonium thioglycolate</a> is an ammonia salt of thioglycolate. This article will discuss the chemical properties and hazards of the active ingredients in perm solution, as well as safe application methods.
Ammonium thioglycolate is a colorless transparent liquid with a strong ammonia smell. Therefore, whether the perm liquid itself is transparent depends on other ingredients.
Ammonium thioglycolate can permanently change the structure of hair. Depending on the application technique, treated hair can remain curly or straightened. However, the new hair will also need to be permed or straightened. Hair is mostly made up of a protein called keratin. A large part of keratin is the amino acid cysteine. Hair gets its shape from disulfide compounds that bind protein chains. The disulfide bonds of these sulfur atoms can be found in the cysteine molecule.
Perm solution containing thioglycolate breaks down disulfide bonds of hair proteins. Hair stylists use curlers or clay iron straighteners to style hair. A perm neutralizer contains hydrogen peroxide that forms new disulfide bonds, permanently curling or straightening hair.
Potentially harmful by inhalation, ingestion and skin contact with ammonium thioglycolate. Thioglycolate is not only toxic when ingested, it can also irritate the eyes and can cause allergic reactions in some users. Prolonged or repeated use can cause skin irritation and pain.
Perm solution contains ammonium thioglycolate, which is an active ingredient that is not biodegradable and harmful to aquatic organisms. So empty the perm bottle thoroughly before throwing it in the trash. In addition, hair rinsing methods that pollute surface water or soil should also be avoided.
Wearing gloves to handle mercaptoglycolated perms can help prevent skin irritation and allergies. Do not use perms on people who show signs of allergies. Do not reuse the towel to wipe off excess perm liquid, otherwise it is easy to let the liquid accidentally into the eyes.
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